Category Archives: Divrei Torah

A Little Clarity – Halachic Questions via Text Message

photoDue to the space limitations of a text message, please note that it is particularly important to read carefully, pay close attention to the context of the question, and use the answers as a springboard for further study.

If you would like my phone number to submit questions, please leave a comment and I will send it to you.


Q: If I cut an onion with a pareve knife on a meat cutting board that was used within the last 24 hours for meat, is my knife now considered meat?

A: Although a pareve cutting board should generally be used in these circumstances, the knife is still considered pareve (R. Y.S. Elyashiv).


Q: My son has Fleishig Phobia- he won’t eat meat during the day because he is afraid he will miss out on some dairy treats during his 6 hour wait. Are children required to wait 6 hours between meat and milk?

A: A child does have to be taught to wait before eating dairy once they are mature enough.  For a typical child, there are different approaches to how this education should be carried out.  Some require the child to keep six hours (according to the prevalent custom) as soon as he reaches a level of maturity and understanding that allows it (Steipler) but on the other hand some say that a child doesn’t have to wait more than an hour until reaching the age of Bar/Bat mitzvah.  Most authorities advocate a middle approach that has a child gradually build up so that he is waiting six hours just before Bar/Bat Mitzvah age.  In this case of “fleishig phobia” it makes sense that the child should, at the very least, be encouraged to build up to six hours very slowly and gradually or even to suspend the buildup temporarily until he stresses out about it less and less often.


Q: Can an avel serve as chazzan for a yahrzeit that occurs during his 12 months of mourning and comes out on Shabbat?

A: Yes (Shearim Mitzuyanim Bahalacha)


Q: If my housekeeper (who is not Jewish) bakes brownies in my kitchen, do I have to turn on the oven?

A: Yes, since the consensus of most authorities is that even people that are lenient to not require Pas Yisrael when purchasing factory produced bread, cakes, and cookies would nevertheless need to adhere to Pas Yisroel in this situation since it is relatively easy to implement (Shach, Chochmas Adam, Chelkas Binyamin).



Source: Rabbi Isaacs Blog

A Little Clarity – Halachic Questions via Text Message

photoDue to the space limitations of a text message, please note that it is particularly important to read carefully, pay close attention to the context of the question, and use the answers as a springboard for further study.

If you would like my phone number to submit questions, please leave a comment and I will send it to you.


Q: if i sniff a bag of tea to see if i like it, do i make a bracha?

A: Since the tea is made for consupmtion and not for its fragrance, a bracha is not recited (Shulchan Aruch O.C. 216:2).  In addition, just as one does not make a bracha upon tasting food to see if it’s good (see details in Shulchan Aruch O.C. 210), it would seem that the same halacha would apply in this case.


Q: Does Kaitlen Jenner have to wear Teffilin? (If she/he was Jewish)
A: According to R. Chananel (see Ibn Ezra, Lev. 18:22), it appears that Jenner might still have the same halacha as a man but to my knowledge the halachic authorities have not yet completely addressed this issue.


Q: Hi…Oy…a family of people to feed. And a clean dairy bowl was taken from cabinet (unused for days). Hot oil got poured off into it from a meat wok. No chicken in wok at the time. Later, the oil in the dairy bowl got poured, about a tablespoon) back into the hot wok and chicken was then added. What to do about the food, the wok and the clean dairy bowl? Thanks a million

A: Did the wok start off clean? When was it used last?
Q: It was as clean as a wok gets…unused for at least a month
A: Food is ok
Q: Bowl? Wok?
A: Wok ok.  So at the time the oil entered the bowl, there had not yet been any chicken involved?
Q: Right
A: If there was edible grease in the “clean” wok, then the bowl needs to be kashered. If the wok was clean or the grime was not edible (eg, it went through the dishwasher and got soap mixed into it), then it is OK without kashering.

Q: Dear rabbi when does my obligation to prepare for rosh hashana -day of judgement begin?

A: Technically I don’t think there is a specific obligation but the day after Rosh Hashana is not too early to start thinking about it!


Q: Does a “good kosher kitchen” need 2 sets of oven mitts and trivets?

A: Yes – Mitts: Customary and recommended (but it’s useful to keep in mind that if you wash them (with laundry detergent) they can be interchanged) since although no cross-contamination happens through the wall of a pot, pan, or container, the mitts may get soiled by the food and then transfer.  Trivets: Customary


Q: How do you kasher baby spinach
A: If by “kasher” you mean check for insect infestation: The best and fastest way is to wash the spinach, agitate it in a bug wash solution, pour the dirty water through a fine mesh, then examine the mesh for insects by putting it in front of a light source.   If insects are detected, repeat process up to two more times until clean.


Source: Rabbi Isaacs Blog

A Little Clarity – Halachic Questions via Text Message

Due to the space limitations of a text message, please note that it is particularly important to read carefully, pay close attention to the context of the question, and use the answers as a springboard for further study.

If you would like my phone number to submit questions, please leave a comment and I will send it to you.

Q: I saw something labeled Rock Cod Steak at the Ranch Market in The Chinese Cultural Center Mall that had definite scales. It was fresh. Do you happen to know if that is a kosher fish? Thanks so much!

A: Yes, any fish with scales, no matter what it’s called, is kosher


Q: Is canned corn with a hechsher I don’t normally use OK?

A: Even according to some of the stricter national kashrus organizations, Del Monte, Kirkland (Costco), and Walmart canned vegetables with a Triangle-K may be used, as long as they have no natural flavors, tomato products, asparagus, potatoes, spinach, and beets.


Q: I noticed a kosher symbol on bottled water. Does bottled water really require certification?

A: All bottled water is acceptable.


Q: I heard some people don’t use vegetable peelers on Shabbat. what is the concern? And is it permissible?

A: They can be used on Shabbat.  Many authorities hold that a peeler is a specialized borer (selection) tool.  R. Moshe Feinstein (as quoted in The Shabbos Kitchen) permitted their use because he argued that it is also used for non-borer functions like making carrot strings and chocolate shavings.


Q: There is a rumor going around that any chewing gum is kosher. What are your thoughts?

A: It is customary to require certification for chewing gum even though it is technically permitted to chew it without certification. There are two main parts of gum, the chewy part and the flavor. The chewy part is not kosher but since it is inedible it is permitted to chew it. Regarding the flavorings, although it is customary to require certification for any flavorings used in a product that is produced under hashgacha, the halacha is that they are kosher (the vast majority of flavors are intrinsically kosher, and the minority that aren’t (or that are produced on non-kosher equipment) are always used together with other kosher flavors and therefore permitted – this is mentioned in part in the cRc Starbucks article in the Journal of Halacha and Contemporary Society, footnote 12 on page 9).


Source: Rabbi Isaacs Blog

Zero Rage Tolerance

messy kitchenNote: This article was originally published in April of 2013, but I recently added the passage regarding positive uses of anger.  It appears in the May 8th, 2015 edition of the Jewish News.

Breaking someone’s left index finger in a brawl doesn’t have an obvious connection to defiantly blaspheming the name of the Almighty.  Yet, the Torah lumps together the laws and consequences of these two actions in one Torah passage as part of a series of sins also including murder and property damage as well.  It is often difficult, admittedly, to determine the underlying order and organization of the Torah in many places.  But the grouping of these seemingly unrelated topics into one unified lineup is particularly puzzling.

angry womanR. Avigdor Miller (1908 – 2001), the prolific author and popular rabbinic speaker and educator, points out a common root that all of these sins share that serves as a basic ethical reminder. They are all typically committed in anger.  This passage makes clear that there is responsibility and culpability even for deeds committed in a moment of wrath.  In a fit of anger, a person can do anything – damage another’s property, assault and injure someone, commit the blasphemy of cursing the Almighty Himself, and even commit murder.  The Talmud, based on the verse “An angry person has many transgressions” (Proverbs 29:22), elaborates on the dangers of anger in some detail.  One observation that it makes is that it is certain that a mercurial individual’s sins outweigh his merits.  It is well known that although Maimonides (1135 – 1204) advocates moderation and balance in all character traits by following the golden mean, anger is one of the only two exceptions that he makes to this principle.  Instead, from the perspective of good character, anger is never justified and one should self-enforce a zero-tolerance policy.

But isn’t anger sometimes positive and necessary to convey a message and a point? According to the Mussarites all character traits, including even those that seem overtly negative, have some context in which they can be used positively, benevolently, and beneficially. Does Maimonides, with his zero-tolerance policy disagree with that viewpoint? Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato also writes about anger in his Mesilat Yesharim and, like Maimonides, writes that one should not get angry in any circumstances but adds that one should not even get angry when it is necessary for educational purposes. Lest the reader conclude that he advocates a permissive pedagogical style with no limits, consequences, or rebuke, he is careful to specify that a teacher should discipline his student and a parent must reprimand her child – even with anger. But it must only be a superficial demonstration of anger, in his words: “anger of the face, not anger of the heart.”

zero toleranceIt seems trite to discuss the negativity of a behavior like anger. That may only be due to the fact that we have not contrasted the zero-tolerance view expressed above with any other perspective.  Although most people would agree that many of the pitfalls and potential dangers of anger are obvious, it nevertheless seems to be nearly universally widespread in our society.  It is often glorified on the big screen.  Because it is so common, we may unknowingly relate to it not as a harmful feeling and potentially dangerous basis for unwise or dangerous behavior, but rather as an emotion and motivation that is actually fully justified, legitimate, and respectable.  We may think that it is healthy to express anger and unhealthy to suppress it and not act on it or show it.  This stands in stark contrast to the Maimonidean approach mentioned above that anger is rooted a character flaw and can easily result in immature, irrational, and irresponsible thinking and behavior and ruined relationships.  The Torah passage that begins with the blasphemer challenges us to rethink this attitude and recognize that anger is anything but prudent and respectable.


Source: Rabbi Isaacs

A Little Clarity – Halachic Questions via Text Message

Due to the space limitations of a text message, please note that it is particularly important to read carefully, pay close attention to the context of the question, and use the answers as a springboard for further study.

If you would like my phone number to submit questions, please leave a comment and I will send it to you.

Q: Do you tovel glazed earthenware?

A: According to what seems to be an oral ruling of R. Moshe, glazed earthenware doesn’t need to be toveled since the coating is not considered to be significant.

Q: Regarding closing a store, is Erev YK stricter than Erev Shabbat?

A: No mention is made of any stringency in the halachic codes.

Q: I have a phobia of insects so I am unable to sleep in my Sukkah.  Is it a valid Sukkah?

A: Yes, most people would be able to sleep in it.

Q: Does Tumaco cocoa powder need a hechser?

A: All cocoa powder is OK.

Q: If all of the ingredients are kosher, does a Jew need to turn on the stove to make pancakes for them to be kosher?

A: No, since the pancakes are not fit for an elegant affair (Star-K).

 

 

 

 


Source: Rabbi Isaacs

A Little Clarity – Halachic Questions via Text Message

Due to the space limitations of a text message, please note that it is particularly important to read carefully, pay close attention to the context of the question, and use the answers as a springboard for further study.

If you would like my phone number to submit questions, please leave a comment and I will send it to you.

Q: I bought a grill pan that says it was pre-seasoned with vegetable oil… Do you think that’s ok to use

A: Since we customarily treat vegetable oil as a product that needs a hechsher (since some processing facilities also produce animal-based oil), the pan needs to be kashered before use. It’s ideal if you have a pot big enough to immerse it in, or it can be dipped in the boiling water in parts. Keep in mind that since cast iron cookware is typically thick, you must keep it immersed until the heat penetrates it fully, i.e. until the water returns to a boil after its insertion. You don’t need to wash it beforehand (R. Dovid Cohen of the cRc in Sapirim).

Q: Just confirming that as I understand rabbi Lamm’s book, I cannot attend even a Sheva bracha.

A: It’s considered more of a simcha (happy) occasion than other celebrations and an avel (mourner) therefore cannot attend until after the first yahrzeit.

Q: If I make a soft hot pretzel out of the same dough that I use to make bread, is the bracha still borei minei mezonot?

A: Yes, since soft pretzels are not typically eaten as a meal but rather as a snack, the bracha is mezonot.

Q: If there is skin left on the fish at a fish counter but the scales have been removed, is it still kosher?

A: As long as you are able to ascertain (from prior experience, etc) that there were definitely scales, it is OK

Q: I am writing a quote in my notebook, and it has the word “G-d” in it.  Can I write it without the dash?

A: It is written with a dash when there is a concern that it will be discarded with trash – which would be disrespectful.  If you will always be keeping this notebook, that would not be a concern.


Source: Rabbi Isaacs

A Little Clarity – Halachic Questions via Text Message – Tisha B’av Edition

Due to the space limitations of a text message, please note that it is particularly important to read carefully, pay close attention to the context of the question, and use the answers as a springboard for further study.

If you would like my phone number to submit questions, please leave a comment and I will send it to you.

Q: My office inadvertently scheduled a full day of appointments on Tisha B’av.  The clients will be upset if I reschedule them – and there will be a long wait until there will be openings in my schedule.  Do I have to reschedule them anyway?

A: While the sages frowned upon the distraction from mourning associated with working on Tisha B’av and it is therefore  ideal to avoid it altogether, it is ultimately a matter of custom and is permitted even before midday especially in circumstances like these that could potentially damage the business.
Q: Does a nursing woman have to fast on Tisha B’av?  Does it matter that I also have to take care of my other young children?
A: Although the Shulchan Aruch rules explicitly that one way Tisha B’av is stricter than the other Rabbinic fasts is that even a nursing woman has to fast, several contemporary authorities allow breaking the fast if her milk supply will be affected or she is weak.  Practically, she should hydrate herself extremely well before the fast begins and fast during the night but if she feels weaker than usual (for a fast day) in the morning, she may eat.
Q: Can you trim your nails during the Nine Days?
A: This is not mentioned by the Talmud nor the Shulchan Aruch as one of the activities forbidden due to mourning during this time but some later authorities have nevertheless prohibited it.  Practically speaking, cutting nails during the nine days is certainly permitted; during the week of the 9 of Av it is permitted in honor of Shabbos (i.e. when 9 of Av is on Shabbos) (MB) and a chumra (stringency) not to on other days of the week (based on the Aruch Hashulchan that writes the custom was to be lenient).

Advanced:

Q: Rice which is totally pareve which was originally cooked in a milchig oven, can I reheat it in a fleishig microwave?

A: If the rice was covered then it is no problem. If not, and the oven was ben yomo (used within 24 hours) or dirty then it can’t be heated up in a milchig (diary) microwave unless you cover it; if it was not ben yomo, then it’s OK even without covering it.

Q: If I used a fleishig nylon spoon to stir something hot (at least yad soledes bo) and pareve in a milchig pot, do I need to kasher anything? Neither was used in the last 24 hrs, and nothing charif was in the pot.

A: Nothing needs to be kashered, and the food is unaffected.


Source: Rabbi Isaacs